When it comes to high current and high efficiency, actually we don’t have much option rather than using switching based power supply. For most of consumer electronic equipment, this kind of power supply probably one of the best choice. But for audio, I would like to avoid it – really avoid it.
But again, the option to go high current with non-switching based power supply probably would introduce another issue – heat or thermal dissipation. We are talking a high current regulated output. Bear in mind that switching based power supply is quite stable. So if we plan to replace them, make sure we have a quite stable solution also. Not much choices available, rather than go to the regulated one.
Not many regulator could handle high current. Quite easy to go up to 1A with classic 78xx/79xx based regulator – although the sonic performance is mediocre.
Better solution we can pick LM317 probably up to 1.5A or the bigger brother, LM338 up to 5A. This one is sonically better than 78xx/79xx based regulator.
Another high-end approach is to use LT1083/84/85/86. This one could handle up to 7.5A with some limitation. Probably one of the best, but I doubt we can push the limit for this kind of regulator.
I would try another cheaper solution, LM723 with extra pass transistor to provide enough extra current (we can go up to 10A with this, and the heat will be well shared to the pass transistor rather than on single chip).
Actually we can go with 0.5 Watt of resistor, but I go with the 2 Watts for all when available.
The copper side of the PCB is totally covered with the tin. I did this to make sure all the connection and trace are ready for higher current (my personal approach though’).
Later, I will connect the pass transistor and we are ready to rumble.